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美高梅4858官方网站Trey莎·梅关于25年环境保养安顿的演说

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大不列颠及英格兰联合王国本地时间11月31日早上,特Lisa·梅与David·Cameron在独家觐见United Kingdom女皇后正式接入,特Lisa·梅成为新任英首相,她是大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国女帝伊Lisa白二世在位以内的第13任首相,同有的时候间也是继撒切尔老婆后的第1个人女首相。在就职演说中,梅反复重申“统一”的重大,誓言领导“一个国家”的当局,为每一种人平民的社会公正服务,建设布局一个更加的光明的英帝国。

美高梅4858官方网站 1

以下为特蕾莎·梅就职解说全文

德文巴士

Execution of the Lincoln conspirators, 1865

I have just been to Buckingham Palace where Her Majesty the Queen has
asked me to form a new government and I accepted.

微信号:yingwenbashi

This photo from 1865 showing the hanging execution of the four Lincoln
conspirators: David Herold, Lewis Powell, George Atzerodt and Mary
Surratt. Their deaths were a culmination of sorts of a nation
ravaged by war, bitter conflict, and the death of the nation’s
commander-in-chief, Abraham Lincoln. Scottish photographer Alexander
Gardner captured the macabre scene, including pictures of the
condemned seen moments before they walked to the 12-foot gallows,
specially constructed for the executions. It was hot that day,
reportedly a hundred degrees (38 degree Celsius). Sweat surely
dripped down the accused’s faces as they passed by the cheap pine
coffins and shallow graves that had been dug for them.

After the Lincoln assassination the government arrested several
hundred people. Most were soon released due to lack of evidence.
However, the government did charge eight people with conspiracy.
On May 1, 1865, President Andrew Johnson ordered the formation of a
military commission to try the accused persons. The actual trial began
on May 10th and lasted for about seven weeks. The defendants were
allowed to have lawyers and witnesses, but they were not allowed to
testify themselves.

On June 29, 1865, the Military Commission met in secret session to
begin its review of the evidence in the seven-week long trial. A
guilty verdict could come with a majority vote of the nine-member
commission; death sentences required the votes of six members. The
next day, it reached its verdicts. The Commission found seven of the
prisoners guilty of at least one of the conspiracy charges. Four of
the prisoners: Mary Surratt, Lewis Powell, George Atzerodt, and David
Herold were sentenced “to be hanged by the neck until he [or she] be
dead”. Samuel Arnold, Dr. Samuel Mudd and Michael O’Laughlen were
sentenced to “hard labor for life, at such place at the President
shall direct”, Edman Spangler received a six-year sentence. The next
day General Hartrandft informed the prisoners of their sentences. He
told the four condemned prisoners that they would hang the next day.

自个儿正要去过克Rim林宫,御姐君主任命作者建构新的内阁,作者已接收。

Prime Minister Theresa May’s Speech on the Environment


In David Cameron I follow in the footsteps of a great modern Prime
Minister.

London Wetland Centre, Barnes

明天上学的是撒切尔老婆在一九七五年7月三日在保守党大会上的演讲,撒切尔爱妻在随之的(二月3日)保守党公投中力挫并担负首相。

本人所接任的DavidCameron是一人优良的元首。

11 January 2017

Mr Chairman, Mr Edwards, Ladies and Gentlemen,

Under David’s leadership the government stabilised the economy, reduced
the budget deficit and helped more people into work than ever before.

Thank you, thank you very much, Michael.

I have been asked, Mr Chairman, if there’s any special reason for coming
to Wales for the first big Conservative rally of this election. Well,
yes, there is just one and maybe another, but let’s start with just one
first. I mean, where else should we kick off for victory, than where J.
P. R . Williams and his team have just won their fourth Triple Crown?
[applause]. Yes, I know they beat England in the last match—my [
Denis Thatcher] husband’s a great rugby fan—but tonight we’re all
on the same side, shoulder to shoulder for a great Tory triumph.

大卫领导下的当局稳固了国家经济,减弱了财赤,支持了比往常更加多的人就业。

And it is wonderful to be here at the Wetland Centre – which is a true
oasis in the heart of London.

And, of course, the second reason. We have a splendid team in Wales,
fighting at Westminster, and we hope that next time they’ll be augmented
by one or two more, or three or four more, or four or five more
[applause]. Nick Edwards and Michael Roberts have been magnificent and
Sir Raymond Gower and Ian Grist have played a valiant part, and
tonight we have here Michael Clay, Alun Jones, Ralph Tuck and Robert
Walter. Now before we go any further, have I left anyone out? No, all
right. Well, if we get all of those back, we will be doing splendidly
from this first rally in Wales this evening.

But David’s true legacy is not about the economy but about social
justice.

Now, in our election manifesto last year, we made an important pledge:
to make ours the first generation to leave the natural environment in a
better state than we found it.

Now, Mr Chairman, there comes a point in a nation’s story when the old
slogans and the old illusions crumble, and every thinking person
comes face to face with reality. For more than a generation now, people
have been telling us that Socialism was inevitable. We’ve been told time
and time again by experts that the drift is bound to be towards state
control, towards the new order, which somehow turns out to be the old
order gone sour, in which people come second and the political boss
and the party officials come first. Resistance, they say, is
hopeless. This is the way the world is going. Appeasement and delay,
they say, is the best we can hope for. They claim we can no more hold
back the inevitable than corks bobbing on the ocean can turn
back the tide. Mr Chairman, for too long those defeatists have
polluted the atmosphere of public debate [Hear, hear]. Change is
coming. The slither and slide to the socialist state is going to be
stopped in this United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,
stopped, halted and turned back [applause]. It can be done, it will be
done, and we intend to make a start on the 4th May.

可是,大卫所留下的着实精粹毫无干系乎经济,而介于社会公平。

As we leave the European Union, which for decades has controlled some of
the most important levers of environmental policy, now is the right time
to put the question of how we protect and enhance our natural
environment centre-stage.

People are rebelling against the bulging Socialist state and its
insatiable appetites. Labour, the self proclaimed party of
compassion, has betrayed those for whom it promised to care. So in
this campaign we’ll not only extend and consolidate Conservative
support, we’ll carry the fight right into what were once the castles and
strongholds of Labour, and in many places we’ll win [applause], just
as you’ve begun to do here in South Wales.

From the introduction of same sex marriage to taking people on low wages
out of income tax altogether, David Cameron has led a one nation
government and it is in that spirit that I also plan to lead.

And it is a central priority for this government.

Today, there’s a stronger sense of resentment at the unfairness of
the Socialist system than I can ever remember. After five years of
Labour Government, our cities and streets are less safe to walk in, our
old folk and children more at risk, our faith in the values and beliefs
which we used to think held us together more undermined by fashionable
theories and official mockery. Of how many things did one used to hear
it said, ‘Well, at least they’ll never touch that! At least they’ll
never attack the judges,’ people said—but they have. ‘At least they’ll
never let the schools be closed,’—but they were. ‘At least they won’t
support mass picketing,’—but they did. ‘At least they won’t let
militants close hospitals, neglect emergencies, even prevent people
giving blood,’—but they did that too. Five years ago, these things would
have seemed incredible, yet they have happened in our Britain, our
supposedly free and tolerant country, with the Labour Government looking
on, supine, paralysed, afraid to do what they knew ought to be
done, in case they offended their master’s voice. I think these things
will be remembered against Labour for a generation, and so they should
be.

从允许同种性别婚姻合法化,到对收入人群免征个税,David·Cameron领导了一届“叁个国度”的当局,作者布置秉承相符的旺盛放展小编的带头人士。

Our mission is to build a Britain where the next generation can enjoy a
better life than the one that went before it.

There used to be in this country, a Socialism which valued people. It
had dignity and it had warmth. Its methods were those of the collective,
of putting all decisions to the centre, which was why it was not our
creed, but its aims to raise the living standards of the people were
the same as ours. Well, what a world away that is from the officious
jargon filled intolerant Socialism practised by Labour these last
few years. What a world away it is. What a world away that sort of
brotherhood is from flying pickets, from kangaroo courts, the
merciless use of the closed shop power, and all the other ugly
apparatus which has been strapped like a harness on our people
and our country, turning worker against worker, and society against
itself. I’m reminded of Cromwell’s words to another demoralised
faction. He said to them, to some of the then Members of Parliament,
‘You were deputed here by the people to get grievances
redressed and are yourselves become the greatest grievance.’ That is
what we say of the Labour party today [applause].

Because not everybody knows this but the full title of my party is the
Conservative and Unionist Party and that word unionist is very important
to
me.因为本身的党组织政府部门,也可以有人还不掌握,它的全称是与世无争与联合党,“统一”一词对自己来说意义杰出。

That means tackling the deficit and dealing with our debts, so they are
not a burden for our children and grandchildren.

But just stop and listen for a moment, listen to what people are saying
today, listen to the voice deep inside this great and ancient nation.
First it was a murmur, then a cry, now it’s a great shout of anger
and determination, that this nation will be free, we will be strong
again, we too can prosper, so long as we have a Government which serves
and does not seek to master our people [applause].

It means we believe in the union, the precious, precious bond between
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland – but it means something
else that is just as important.

It means building the houses that people need, so that the dream of home
ownership can be a reality.

In a broadcast just before this campaign began, the [ James Callaghan]
Labour leader argued that Labour now stood for continuity. It was the
Conservatives who wanted to change things, he said. Carry on as we are,
that was his message. Well now, I make no comment on this bizarre
transformation of the Labour party which always used to be so proud of
its radicalism, and I pass over too, for the time being, the
well known fact that the present tenant of the Labour leadership
could be evicted any day by forces within the Labour party which
were determined to transform our society utterly and, if
necessarily, violently, determined to transform it from the free society
we know into one which they wouldn’t have the freedom to say half the
things that they say now. Well, what appals us is Labour’s shameless
appeal to voters to accept our national decline as inevitable and simply
to make the best of it. It seems to us like a summons to apathy,
like some clarion call for inertia and indolence. It seems
as if their campaign slogan is ‘Carry on downhill with Labour’—carry on
wheeling, carry on dealing, carry on declining, carry on down, carry on
out.

它象征,大家信赖联手,大家信赖英格兰、英格兰、Will士和英格兰之间爱护的纽带关系——它更意味着与这同样主要的事物。

Ensuring every child has a good school place and can get the best start
in life.

Well, that’s exactly what we’ve been doing under Labour and the decline
is accelerating. What the figures tell in their ominous
downwards march, we can now see for ourselves. Travel abroad, and see
how much better our neighbours are doing.

It means we believe in a union not just between the nations of the
United Kingdom but between all of our citizens – every one of us –
whoever we are and wherever we’re from.

And it also means protecting and enhancing our natural environment for
the next generation, so they have a healthy and beautiful country in
which to build their lives.

Travel round our towns and cities and see the shabby scars of
Labour Britain, open and unhealing. Look at the ugly truth the record
spells out over the last five years of socialism, the record on which
they dare not fight this election, so they try to turn people’s
attention away from it at every single press conference. Labour Britain,
the worst rate of growth of any industrial country, with the sole
exception
of Luxembourg. Labour Britain, the lowest hourly wages
of any industrial country with the sole exception of Ireland. Labour
Britain, in income per head, not only behind countries like France,
Germany, Holland, Belgium, Austria, but also behind Finland and Libya
and only a whisker above Czechoslovakia. Labour Britain, leading
in only one respect, the fastest and highest price increases of any
European country save Italy [applause].

它象征,大家信赖的一同不仅是United Kingdom外地点之间的一块儿,更是大家任哪个人民中间的一路——包蕴大家中间的每壹个人平民——无论我们是哪个人,来自何地。That
means fighting against the burning injustice that if you’re born poor
you will die on average nine years earlier than
others.那就代表我们会与十万火急的社会不公作斗争,比方,借使您出身贫贱,你将比他人平分少活四年

Making good on the promise that each new generation should be able to
build a better future is a fundamental Conservative principle.

What a record! Is this the nation that stood alone in 1940 against the
collapse of European civilisation? It is, but it’s the country we have
become under Labour and try as they may, we will not let them escape the
record. Because of their subservience to the unions, there’s been no
industrial progress under Labour. Because of their commitment to
equality, rather than equality of opportunity, there’s been no social
progress under Labour. Because of the strength of the left, there’s been
no economic progress under Labour.

If you’re black you are treated more harshly by the criminal justice
system than if you’re white.

And whilst every political tradition has a stake in our natural
environment, speaking as the Leader of the Conservative Party, I know I
draw upon a proud heritage.

Half a dozen world recessions can’t absolve Labour from the major
responsibility for Britain’s decline. Its full magnitude has been
concealed by one thing only: North Sea Oil. Now here, Mr Chairman,
was the windfall of the century. It should have been husbanded and
deployed in long term investment to break out of the spiral of low
productivity and low wages. Instead, it’s been treated like a win on the
pools, like an invitation to spend, spend, spend, and what’s happened,
the Government’s used it to hide the collapse of our industrial
performance and as an excuse to postpone the remedies that we
all know are urgent. During the lifetime of the coming parliament, oil
production is expected to reach its peak, and thereafter lose its power
to conceal our predicament. What would happen then, if by any
mischance, Labour scraped back to power? What would they do when the
spending of taxpayers‘ money had to stop? Well the answer is to make
certain it doesn’t happen. The answer is to return a Conservative
Government now, before time runs out [applause].

只要您是黄种人,你将比黄种人在刑事司法律制度度下遭到更严厉的相比较

Because Conservatism and Conservation are natural allies.

Now, I think that one of the strengths of Conservatism is that we are
not mesmerised by the present, we honour the past and what it has to
teach and we look to the future and we prepare for it and we see history
in human terms. Indeed, if I had to sum up Conservatism in a phrase, I
would say this: it means a sense of personal responsibility,
responsibility for one’s own family and responsibility towards others.
And it’s precisely that sense of responsibility which leads us to reject
the supine ‘Let’s go on as we are’ invitation. How could I, Mr
Chairman and ladies and gentlemen, how could I in good conscience say to
retired people, ‘I’ve no plans to change an economy which every single
year reduces the value of your savings by at least a tenth’? That’s what
the Labour Government is saying. How could I say to the young man or
woman wanting to start up a business and to employ a few others, ‘We
plan to go on with tax rates which will make every risk financially
foolish, which will dog your efforts to expand at every turn’? Because
that’s what Labour’s saying. How could I say to my children and
grandchildren, ‘Our society may not be much good but it’s the best we
can do. Be thankful it isn’t worse’?

If you’re a white working class boy you’re less likely than anybody else
in Britain to go to university.

The fundamental understanding which lies at the heart of our
philosophical tradition is that we in the present are trustees charged
with protecting and improving what we have inherited from those who went
before us.

We’re the people that in the past made Great Britain the workshop of the
world, the people who persuaded others to buy British, not by begging
them to do so, but because British was best. We’re a people who have
received more Nobel prizes than any other nation save America. With
achievements like that, who can doubt that Britain can have a great
future. But not under Labour. That great future won’t happen under
Labour. Only if we have a change, and we must have a change. The way to
put Britain back into the international race is by giving new life and
strength to principles which made our country the great and successful
trading nation it used to be [applause]. They’re good Conservative
principles. That’s the way to restore security to the old and hope to
the young. We can go on as we’ve been going and continue down or two
weeks on Thursday, we can stop and with a decisive act of will say,
‘Enough!’

设若您是黄人工人阶级的一员,你将比其它此外比利时人更从未或然步向大学

And it is our responsibility to pass on that inheritance to the next
generation.

But as Conservatives we believe that recovery can only come through the
work of individuals. We mustn’t forever take refuge behind
collective decisions. Each of us must assume our own responsibilities.
What we get and what we become depends essentially on our own efforts.
For what is the real driving force in society? It’s the desire for the
individual to do the best for himself and his family. People don’t go
out to work for the Chancellor of the Exchequer. They go out to work for
their family, for their children, to help look after their parents.
That’s what they work for, and it’s a very … [words drowned by
applause]. That’s the way society is improved, by millions of people
resolving that they’ll give their children a better life than they’ve
had themselves. And there’s just no substitute for this elemental human
instinct, and the worst possible thing a Government can do is to try to
smother it completely with a sort of collective alternative. They won’t
work, they can’t work. They crush and destroy something precious and
vital in the nation and in the individual spirit.

If you’re at a state school you’re less likely to reach the top
professions than if you’re educated privately.

That applies to the great national institutions which we have built up
as a society over generations, like our courts, our Parliament, the BBC
and the NHS.

The proper role of government is to set free the natural energy of the
people, and that means real rewards for effort and skill. It means
restoring a wide degree of freedom to the forces that make up human
society. Now Mr Chairman, we’re starting to relearn one of the oldest
lessons of history, and it is this; that freedom can’t be divided into
compartments. What use is freedom of speech and of the press in a
closed-shop world? What value has a vote if all the real decisions in
our lives are going to be taken for us by the state? And if economic
freedom is denied, political freedom would soon perish. That’s why
they so often go to take everything over by the state so that you have
to go to them for everything, for your house, for your job. They take
your money in tax so you haven’t got anything left to save for your old
age, and if you do they carry on with inflation so that it is soon
worthless. That’s the objective of the Socialist society, of people
dependent for everything upon the state.

就算您在私学读书,你将比私学的学子具有更加少的火候从事高级职业;

And it applies equally to our natural heritage.

Now our Socialist opponents lecture us about ‘the acquisitive美高梅4858官方网站
society’. I must say such lectures come ill from some of them. They
preach that individual ambition must be replaced by communal
benevolence. But what’s more heartless than the all powerful state, and
don’t the industrious and the far-sighted, who start small
businesses, who create new jobs, benefit society just as much as
themselves? And aren’t the urge to save and to invest powerful engines
of wealth creation which work efficiently and silently for every one of
us if only we’ll let them? The truth is that individually, man is
thrifty; collectively he tends to be spendthrift, and
Governments in general, and Labour Governments in particular, simply
love spending other people’s money [applause]. When they talk about
government giving subsidies to this, that, and the other it really
sticks in my gullet. Government hasn’t got any subsidies to give!
[applause] They can only get their subsidies by taxing the chap
who works hard, by taxing the chap who has acquired extra skill, by
taxing the manager, by taxing the professional person, by taxing the
small businessman, by taxing even some of the pensioners if they’ve got
a bit of savings of their own. That’s where the subsidies come from and
if they hand out far too many of them, we shall soon have everyone on
subsidies and too few people providing them [applause].

If you’re a woman you will earn less than a man.

Britain has always been a world leader in understanding and protecting
the natural world.

Well, what happens? Give the state control of 60%; of what we produce,
as we have been doing, and wealth melts away like the winter snow. Tilt
the balance back again, towards freedom of choice, towards less tax, and
the wealth producing process will begin once again. The trouble is, when
they come into power, they always assume that other people have created
the wealth that they then set about to distribute, and by the time
they’ve finished distributing it, there isn’t any more left to
distribute. And that’s the stage we’ve got to now [applause].

一旦您是女人,你将挣得比男子更加少;

From Gilbert White’s vivid descriptions of the ecology of his Hampshire
village in the first work of natural history writing in the eighteenth
century, to Sir David Attenborough’s landmark TV series in the
twenty-first century, which have opened the eyes of millions of people
to the wonder of our planet and to the threats it faces – the appeal of
our natural world is universal and has caught the imagination of
successive generations.

But you can’t do it unless you have a free society. You can’t do it
unless people are freer to start up their own businesses, free to carry
on with their farms and hand them from father to son, free to pass small
business and keep it into the family, free to build up a little bit of
capital out of earnings. That’s what we ought to be able to do, each and
every person in this country.

If you suffer from mental health problems, there’s not enough help to
hand.

In the United Kingdom, we are blessed with an abundance and variety of
landscapes and habitats. These natural assets are of immense value.

Well, freedom we must have if this nation is to prosper, but freedom to
make economic progress isn’t absolutely everything. There must be
freedom under a rule of law as well [applause]. Indeed the greatest
gift any government can bestow ovn its citizens is the rule of law.
No government can ensure equality. The road to the Communist state is
paved with such fallacies, but what government can provide is
equality before the law and thereby justice.

要是您直面心境健康难题之苦,你从未获得丰裕的帮助;

Our countryside and coastal waters are the means by which we sustain our
existence in these islands. They are where we grow and harvest a large
proportion of the food we eat. Where the water we drink comes from.

Now, Mr Chairman, because I hold some of these views, I’m dubbed as
a reactionary. ‘Maggie Thatcher, reactionary.’ Well, Mr Chairman,
there’s a lot to react against! [applause] What housewife doesn’t
react against a government that’s doubled prices? What young school
leaver doesn’t react against a government that’s more than doubled
unemployment? What retired person doesn’t react against a government
that’s halved the value of their savings in five years? What hard
working person, what skilled person, manager, professional person,
farmer, small businessman, doesn’t react against a government that takes
away their fruits of their labour in tax? Who doesn’t react against a
government that fails to put the protection of the law-abiding
citizen as its top priority? Who doesn’t react against a government that
cuts the defence of our country to the bone? [applause] Of course we
react against that! We react against all of those things!

If you’re young you will find it harder than ever before to own your own
home.

Our green and blue places have inspired some of our greatest poetry, art
and music and have become global cultural icons.

And if we want to know how to keep prices down, we won’t go to the
champion of putting them up. We’ll go to look at some of the other
countries who in the same world recession have managed to increase
prices only a fraction of the way in which they have increased in
this country. And if we want to know how to create wealth, we will
practice the true Conservative principles which have been so successful
in our European neighbours and in countries like Singapore, Korea,
Japan, and the United States of America. We won’t go to this lot, who in
fact have flattened and levelled down Britain.

假若您是青年,你将发掘全部和煦的民居房比此前其余时候都难。

Shakespeare’s Forest of Arden has been recreated on stages across the
globe.

You know, there is an old Chinese proverb. Let’s see if I can remember
it aright. It says, ‘The hammer that stands highest …’—the nail, I’m
sorry! Got it wrong. Let’s start it again, right? ‘The nail that stands
highest gets the hammer.’ Well, do you know, that’s what’s happened in
this country. If you stand a bit higher because you’ve got a bit more
skill, you get the hammer. If you start up a small business benefiting
yourselves and others, you get the hammer. If you’re a very good
manager, and heaven knows we need them, it seems as if you get the
hammer. It seems as if they level us down. If you earn more, they take
it away from you in tax, and that’s why we don’t create more wealth. So,
of course we’re reacting against these things. That’s why we’re offering
change. No melodramatic overnight change, but a fresh and
invigorating approach to our affairs.

But the mission to make Britain a country that works for everyone means
more than fighting these injustices. If you’re from an ordinary working
class family, life is much harder than many people in Westminster
realise.

Beatrix Potter’s stories and William’s Wordsworth’s poetic descriptions
of ‘the calm that Nature breathes among the hills’ has made the Lake
District world-renowned.

Now I must say that as Conservatives, we’re under no illusions about the
ability of government to transform the moral climate of society, let
alone bring about that change quickly. But what human folly can destroy,
human wisdom can surely restore. Quite modest changes in the law, and
still more the conduct and example of government can tilt the
balance back towards the creative and away from the destructive elements
in our midst. The first, the creative, we shall encourage and reward.
The second, the destructive, we shall pursue with relentless and
unremitting hostility. We know that our country is rich in
natural resources, in imagination, in talent, but regulation and
taxation have blunted the initiative, and poverty of
incentive has diminished enterprise. Government’s done too much
and done it badly and it’s squandered resources that could have been
used to halt the downward trend. Production in our factories has
fallen under Labour. Business has lacked the confidence to expand under
Labour. Prices have more than doubled under Labour. Labour’s dragged our
country down and Labour must go! [applause]

只是,使英国形成一个为每壹位国民服务的国家远远不唯有于同上述社会不公作斗争。假若您来自叁个日常性的工资家庭,你的生存远比威斯敏斯特的好四个人所开掘到的要辛劳得多。

The Suffolk landscapes of John Constable and the beautiful depictions of
the River Thames in my own constituency by Sir Stanley Spencer are
iconic.

Now, no easy prospect lies ahead. When we arrive in office, we shall
find the place littered with post-dated cheques [laughter],
unpaid invoices and final demands left behind by Labour. Yet with a new
parliament and a new government, with a clear mandate for a change
of direction, I see signs of hope, provided we face up to those who make
free with the taxpayers money, practising inefficiency and waste,
provided we enable those who work more to earn more and keep more of
what they earn, and provided we have no truck with the bogus
democrats who glibly demand that political power and influence
should decide everything, from who gets a house to the price of beer and
what’s printed in your daily paper. That’s not a free society.

You have a job, but you don’t always have job security. You have your
own home but you worry about paying the mortgage.

People from every continent are drawn to our shores to enjoy these
beautiful landscapes, supporting hundreds of thousands of jobs in
tourism.

I think that many traditional Labour supporters want the same things we
want, believe the same things that we believe, but they’re just somehow
held back by old loyalties and prejudices. To them I would say this. We
understand these things. After all, we too are conservative with a small
‘c’. You know in your hearts that Britain must take a different road.
Let’s take that road together. We need your help. The more we can gain
your co-operation and draw on your knowledge and experience, the more we
shall be able to achieve. We understand the deep rooted loyalties and
affections that make you hesitate to cross the Rubicon. We know that
it’s not easy to forsake the habit of a lifetime, but the modern
Labour party is no longer the party of Clement Attlee, of Huge Gaitskell
and of Roy Jenkins. Labour today is like a pub where the mild is
running out. Soon all that’s left will be bitter, and all that’s
bitter will be Left [applause].

你有一份职业,但您并不总是有工作保障。你有温馨的民居房,但您为偿还借款发愁。

Industries which directly draw on our environment – from agriculture and
forestry to aquaculture and fishing – support hundreds of thousands of
jobs and contribute billions to our economy.

Some of the present Labour leadership may not relish or approve the
way the wind is blowing. Indeed I’m sure they don’t. But last week’s
events in Newham North East show yet again the growing size and power of
the extreme left wing of the Labour party. The many similarities between
the Labour and Communist manifestoes further underline what is
happening. All that is necessary for the triumph of evil, said Burke, is
that good men do nothing. So let us say, may I say to Labour’s
traditional supporters, all that is necessary for the triumph of Marxist
Socialism in this country is that a majority of you, who normally vote
Labour, should believe that the Labour party of today and tomorrow is
the same as the Labour party of yesterday. It isn’t. If you care deeply
for our country, and you do not care for the way your present day Labour
party is going, come with us. We offer you a political home where you
can honourably realise the ideals which took you into the Labour party
in the first place.

You can just about manage, but you worry about the cost of living and
getting your kids into a good school.

The natural environment is around us wherever we are, and getting closer
to it is good for our physical and mental health and our emotional and
spiritual wellbeing.

When Paul Johnson resigned from the Labour party, he wrote this. It’s
one of the most telling pieces I’ve seen. ‘I’ve come to appreciate,’ he
said, ‘perhaps for the first time in my life, the overwhelming strength
of my own attachment to the individual spirit. The paramount need to
keep it alive is so great as to over-ride any other principle
whatever.’ That’s what he said.

你免强维持生计,同不经常候必须要为生存付出和将孩子送入好学园忧心。

Millions of us visit the countryside, the seaside, a local park or
places like this, every week to recharge our batteries, spend time with
friends and family, and to exercise.

Today, Labour in office stands for the ever growing dominance of the
state, with all its despotism and frustration of human
happiness. That will never be the Conservative way. The Britain we want
is a country where Parliament remains supreme, but acts in the spirit of
British law and custom. The Britain we want is a country where the
individual, however weak, still has definite rights which can never be
taken from him, and where the minority, however small, can’t be
crushed out of existence by the majority power. The Britain we want is
one where the rule of law is upheld impartially, even against
the most powerful bodies in our community, and where those entrusted
with upholding the law, whether policemen or judges, are given respect,
support, and encouragement [applause].

If you are one of those families, if you’re just managing, I want to
address you directly. I know you are working around the clock, I know
you’re doing your best and I know that sometimes life can be a struggle.

So the environment is something personal to each of us, but it is also
something which collectively we hold in trust for the next generation.

We want a Britain where children are taught that there is a real and
absolute difference between right and wrong, and there are certain acts
which by their very nature are wrong and which must be outlawed by
society. In our Britain, those who pursue violence as a way of life,
whether armed professional thieves, or backstreet muggers, or
terrorists or thugs, will be treated solely for what they are:
dangerous criminals to be resisted by civilised society with all its
power [applause].

一经你正是这么的家园之一,假若您正在管理这么些难题,那么本身想直接告诉您:笔者通晓您正在通宵达旦职业,笔者了解你已尽力,小编也领略生活一时会非常的惨淡。

And we have a responsibility to protect and enhance it.

Our Britain is a country where the honest, peaceful and hardworking
citizen is valued and prized, above all, defended and supported by all
the institutions in the land. The spirit of our Britain will be one of
hope and endeavour, where all are equal in votes before the law, but
where this equality is a springboard for those who wish to
strive for a better life.

The government I lead will be driven, not by the interests of the
privileged few but by yours. We will do everything we can to give you
more control over your lives.

Now it is sometimes suggested that a belief in a free market economy
which pursues the objective of economic growth is not compatible with
taking the action necessary to protect and enhance our natural
environment; that we need to give up on the very idea of economic growth
itself as the price we have to pay for sustainability.

These are the values which endure, which will bind together again a
wounded nation. These are the values that will inspire the Conservative
Britain that lies ahead, that will guarantee our liberties through
dangerous and difficult times and ensure that once again we become a
powerful partner, rather than a weak and lagging passenger, among
the free nations of the earth.

自己所管事人的内阁不会为具备特权的个外人的实惠所制约,而是服务于你的功利。我们将鞠躬尽瘁,授予你越多掌握控制本身生存的职分。

Others argue that taking any action to protect and improve our
environment harms business and holds back growth.

Mr Chairman, in politics I’ve learnt something that you in Wales are
born knowing. It’s this: if you’ve got a message, preach it!
[applause]. The Old Testament prophets didn’t go out into the
highways saying, ‘Brothers, I want consensus.’ They said, ‘This is
my faith and my vision! This is what I passionately believe!’ And they
preached it. We have a message. Go out, preach it, practice it, fight
for it—and the day will be ours! [prolonged applause]

When we take the big calls we will think not of the powerful, but you.
When we pass new laws we will listen not to the mighty, but to you.

Both are wrong. They present a false choice which I entirely reject.


当大家需做出主要决准时,大家不会坚守权力,而是考虑你。当我们透过新的法案时,大家不会固守权势,而是倾听你。

A free market economy, operating under the right rules, regulations, and
incentives, delivering sustainable economic growth, is the single
greatest agent of collective human progress we have ever known.

前日读书的 TED 是 Pranav Mistry 的《The thrilling potential of
SixthSense technology》:

When it comes to taxes we will prioritise not the wealthy, but you. When
it comes to opportunity we won’t entrench the advantages of the
fortunate few, we will do everything we can to help anybody, whatever
your background, to go as far as your talents will take you.

Time and again, it has lifted whole societies out of abject poverty and
subsistence living, increased life expectancy, widened literacy and
improved educational standards.

Pranav Mistry (born 14 May 1981) is a computer scientist and Inventor.
At present, he is the Global Vice President of Research at Samsung and
the head of Think Tank Team. He is best known for his work on
SixthSense, Samsung Galaxy Gear and Project Beyond. His research
interests include Wearable Computing, Augmented reality,
Ubiquitous computing, Gestural interaction, AI, Machine
vision
, Collective intelligence and Robotics. World Economic Forum
honored Mistry as one of the Young Global Leader 2013.

在税收方面,大家不会优先思索富人,而是关切你。在机缘方面,大家不会增强少数寿星的优势,而是努力地支持每壹人最大限度地球表面述其技术,不论其背景如何。

More than this, it is in free economies and free societies that the
technological and scientific breakthroughs which improve and save lives
are made.

We grew up interacting with the physical objects around us. There are an
enormous number of them that we use every day. Unlike most of our
computing devices, these objects are much more fun to use. When you talk
about objects, one other thing automatically comes attached to that
thing, and that is gestures: how we manipulate these objects, how we
use these objects in everyday life. We use gestures not only to interact
with these objects, but we also use them to interact with each other. A
gesture of “Namaste!”, maybe, to respect someone, or maybe, in India
I don’t need to teach a kid that this means “four runs” in cricket.
It comes as a part of our everyday learning.

We are living through an important moment in our country’s history.

The innovation and invention of a free enterprise economy will help to
deliver new technology to drive a revolution in clean growth.

So, I am very interested, from the beginning, how our knowledge about
everyday objects and gestures, and how we use these objects, can be
leveraged to our interactions with the digital world. Rather than using
a keyboard and mouse, why can I not use my computer in the same way that
I interact in the physical world?

咱俩正处在国家历史上的叁个要害时刻。

Around the world, economies at all stages of development are embracing
new low-carbon technologies and a more efficient use of resources to
move onto a path of clean and sustainable growth.

So, I started this exploration around eight years back, and it literally
started with a mouse on my desk. Rather than using it for my computer, I
actually opened it. Most of you might be aware that, in those days, the
mouse used to come with a ball inside, and there were two rollers that
actually guide the computer where the ball is moving, and, accordingly,
where the mouse is moving. So, I was interested in these two rollers,
and I actually wanted more, so I borrowed another mouse from a friend —
never returned to him — and I now had four rollers. Interestingly, what
I did with these rollers is, basically, I took them off of these mouses
and then put them in one line. It had some strings and pulleys and
some springs. What I got is basically a gesture-interface device that
actually acts as a motion-sensing device made for two dollars. So, here,
whatever movement I do in my physical world is actually replicated
inside the digital world just using this small device that I made,
around eight years back, in 2000.

Following the referendum, we face a time of great national change. And I
know because we’re Great Britain we will rise to the challenge.

And our Industrial Strategy puts harnessing the economic potential of
the clean growth revolution at its heart, as one of its four Grand
Challenges.

Because I was interested in integrating these two worlds, I thought of
sticky notes. I thought, “Why can I not connect the normal interface
of a physical sticky note to the digital world?” A message written on a
sticky note to my mom, on paper, can come to an SMS, or maybe a meeting
reminder automatically syncs with my digital calendar — a to-do list
that automatically syncs with you. But you can also search in the
digital world, or maybe you can write a query, saying, “What is Dr.
Smith’s address?” and this small system actually prints it out — so it
actually acts like a paper input-output system, just made out of paper.

全体公民众选举举过后,大家面对着一段宏大的国家变革时代。笔者相信,因为咱们是宏伟的United Kingdom,大家将接待挑衅。

From how we generate power, and transport people and goods, to our
industrial processes and how we grow our food – new clean technologies
have the potential to deliver more good jobs and higher living
standards.

In another exploration, I thought of making a pen that can draw in three
dimensions. So, I implemented this pen that can help designers and
architects not only think in three dimensions, but they can actually
draw, so that it’s more intuitive to use that way.

As we leave the European Union we will forge a bold new positive role
for ourselves in the world and we will make Britain a country that works
not for a privileged few but for every one of us.

The UK is already home to around half a million jobs in low-carbon
businesses and their supply chain.

Then I thought, “Why not make a Google Map, but in the physical world?”
Rather than typing a keyword to find something, I put my objects on top
of it. If I put a boarding pass, it will show me where the flight gate
is. A coffee cup will show where you can find more coffee, or where you
can trash the cup.

在英帝国退出欧洲联盟之间,大家将要国内外建构勇敢、崭新且积极的形象,大家将使英帝国成为七个不为具有特权的个别、而是为每一个人国民服务的国家。

We are a world-leader in the manufacture of electric vehicles.

So, these were some of the earlier explorations I did because the goal
was to connect these two worlds seamlessly. Among all these experiments,
there was one thing in common: I was trying to bring a part of the
physical world to the digital world. I was taking some part of the
objects, or any of the intuitiveness of real life, and bringing them to
the digital world, because the goal was to make our computing interfaces
more intuitive.

That will be the mission of the government I lead and together we will
build a better Britain.

We are the biggest offshore wind energy producer in the world.

But then I realized that we humans are not actually interested in
computing. What we are interested in is information. We want to know
about things. We want to know about dynamic things going around.

这将是本身所老董的当局的沉重,大家将一同起来,建设构造八个尤为光明的英帝国。

And we must continue to press for sustainable economic growth, and the
immense benefits it brings.

So I thought, around last year — in the beginning of the last year — I
started thinking, “Why can I not take this approach in the reverse way?”
Maybe, “How about I take my digital world and paint the physical world
with that digital information?” Because pixels are actually, right now,
confined in these rectangular devices that fit in our pockets. Why
can I not remove this confine and take that to my everyday objects,
everyday life so that I don’t need to learn the new language for
interacting with those pixels?

上述正是大不列颠及英格兰联合王国新首相特蕾莎·梅就职演说,看看哪些与已经只怕即将到United Kingdom留学的您有关系啊?希望那位新首会师对留同学们好一点吗,如需询问越多United Kingdom留学的连锁音信,能够点击查词典音讯网查看。

Of course, for a market to function properly, it has to be regulated.

So, in order to realize this dream, I actually thought of putting a
big-size projector on my head. I think that’s why this is called a
head-mounted projector, isn’t it? I took it very literally, and took my
bike helmet, put a little cut over there so that the projector
actually fits nicely. So now, what I can do — I can augment the world
around me with this digital information.

去United Kingdom留学的花销需求有个别

And environmental protection is a vital part of any good regulatory
regime.

But later, I realized that I actually wanted to interact with those
digital pixels, also. So I put a small camera over there that acts as a
digital eye. Later, we moved to a much better, consumer-oriented
pendant version of that, that many of you now know as the SixthSense
device.

2014新式英帝国哈特福德高校世界排行

So where government needs to intervene to ensure that high standards are
met, we will not hesitate to do so.

But the most interesting thing about this particular technology is that
you can carry your digital world with you wherever you go. You can start
using any surface, any wall around you, as an interface. The camera is
actually tracking all your gestures. Whatever you’re doing with your
hands, it’s understanding that gesture. And, actually, if you see, there
are some color markers that in the beginning version we are using with
it. You can start painting on any wall. You stop by a wall, and start
painting on that wall. But we are not only tracking one finger, here. We
are giving you the freedom of using all of both of your hands, so you
can actually use both of your hands to zoom into or zoom out of a map
just by pinching all present. The camera is actually doing — just,
getting all the images — is doing the edge recognition and also the
color recognition and so many other small algorithms are going on
inside. So, technically, it’s a little bit complex, but it gives you an
output which is more intuitive to use, in some sense.

大不列颠及苏格兰联合王国留学子文化水平认证计策

And that’s the approach which underpins our corporate governance reforms
and our plans to make the energy market work better for consumers.

But I’m more excited that you can actually take it outside. Rather than
getting your camera out of your pocket, you can just do the gesture of
taking a photo, and it takes a photo for you.

更多杰出资源音讯请关切查词典音信网,大家将处处为您更新最新信息!

Government stepping-up to its proper role as an engaged and active
participant defines our Industrial Strategy.

Thank you. And later I can find a wall, anywhere, and start browsing
those photos or maybe, “OK, I want to modify this photo a little bit and
send it as an email to a friend.” So, we are looking for an era where
computing will actually merge with the physical world. And, of course,
if you don’t have any surface, you can start using your palm for simple
operations. Here, I’m dialing a phone number just using my hand. The
camera is actually not only understanding your hand movements, but,
interestingly, is also able to understand what objects you are holding
in your hand.

And it is the approach we are taking in this Environment Plan, too.

For example, in this case, the book cover is matched with so many
thousands, or maybe millions of books online, and checking out which
book it is. Once it has that information, it finds out more reviews
about that, or maybe New York Times has a sound overview on that, so you
can actually hear, on a physical book, a review as sound.

Together, they combine to form a coherent approach to boosting economic
productivity, prosperity and growth, while at the same time restoring
and enhancing our natural environment.

(Video) Famous talk at Harvard University —

Conservative Governments have always taken our responsibility to the
natural environment seriously.

This was Obama’s visit last week to MIT.

In the nineteenth century, it was Benjamin Disraeli’s Conservative
government which passed the River Pollution Prevention Act, providing
the first legal environmental protections for our waterways.

(Video) And particularly I want to thank two outstanding MIT —

A Conservative government in the 1950s passed the Clean Air Act, making
the Great Smog of London a thing of the past.

Pranav Mistry: So, I was seeing the live of his talk, outside,
on just a newspaper. Your newspaper will show you live weather
information rather than having it updated. You have to check your
computer in order to do that, right?

Margaret Thatcher was the first world leader to recognise the threat of
global warming and helped to protect our ozone layers through her work
on the Montreal Protocol.

When I’m going back, I can just use my boarding pass to check how
much my flight has been delayed, because at that particular time, I’m
not feeling like opening my iPhone, and checking out a particular icon.
And I think this technology will not only change the way —

And David Cameron restored environmentalism to a central place in the
Conservative agenda.

Yes. It will change the way we interact with people, also, not only the
physical world. The fun part is, I’m going to the Boston metro, and
playing a pong game inside the train on the ground, right?

The measures set out in this plan build on this proud heritage, and the
action which we have taken in office since 2010.

And I think the imagination is the only limit of what you can think of
when this kind of technology merges with real life.

And we have seen some notable successes.

But many of you argue, actually, that all of our work is not only about
physical objects. We actually do lots of accounting and paper editing
and all those kinds of things; what about that? And many of you are
excited about the next-generation tablet computers to come out in the
market.

Thanks to concerted action over many years, our rivers and beaches are
now cleaner than they have been at any time since the Industrial
Revolution.

So, rather than waiting for that, I actually made my own, just using a
piece of paper. So, what I did here is remove the camera — All the
webcam cameras have a microphone inside the camera. I removed the
microphone from that, and then just pinched that — like I just made a
clip out of the microphone — and clipped that to a piece of paper, any
paper that you found around. So now the sound of the touch is getting me
when exactly I’m touching the paper. But the camera is actually tracking
where my fingers are moving.

Otters are back in rivers in every English county.

You can of course watch movies.

We are releasing beavers to the Forest of Dean, to help reduce the risk
of flooding and enhance biodiversity.

(Video) Good afternoon. My name is Russell, and I am a Wilderness
Explorer in Tribe 54.”

Action at the EU level – of which the UK has consistently been a
champion – has helped drive these improvements.

PM: And you can of course play games.

Because we recognise their value, we will incorporate all existing EU
environmental regulations into domestic law when we leave.

(Car engine)

And let me be very clear. Brexit will not mean a lowering of
environmental standards.

Here, the camera is actually understanding how you’re holding the paper
and playing a car-racing game.

We will set out our plans for a new, world leading, independent
statutory body to hold government to account and give the environment a
voice. And our work will be underpinned by a strong set of environmental
principles.

Many of you already must have thought, OK, you can browse. Yeah. Of
course you can browse to any websites or you can do all sorts of
computing on a piece of paper wherever you need it. So, more
interestingly, I’m interested in how we can take that in a more dynamic
way. When I come back to my desk, I can just pinch that information back
to my desktop so I can use my full-size computer.

We will consult widely on these proposals, not least with many of the
people in this room.

And why only computers? We can just play with papers. Paper world is
interesting to play with. Here, I’m taking a part of a document, and
putting over here a second part from a second place, and I’m actually
modifying the information that I have over there. Yeah. And I say, “OK,
this looks nice, let me print it out, that thing.” So I now have a
print-out of that thing. So the workflow is more intuitive, the way we
used to do it maybe 20 years back, rather than now switching between
these two worlds.

But be in no doubt: our record shows that we have already gone further
than EU regulation requires of us to protect our environment.

So, as a last thought, I think that integrating information to everyday
objects will not only help us to get rid of the digital divide, the gap
between these two worlds, but will also help us, in some way, to stay
human, to be more connected to our physical world. And it will actually
help us not end up being machines sitting in front of other machines.

Thanks to action we have taken, 7,886 square miles of coastal waters
around the UK are now Marine Conservation Zones, protecting a range of
nationally important, rare or threatened habitats and species.

That’s all. Thank you.

Our ban on the use of microbeads in cosmetic and personal care products
is another positive step towards protecting our marine environment.

Thank you.

And we want to further restrict neonicotinoids to protect our bees.

Chris Anderson: So, Pranav, first of all, you’re a genius. This is
incredible, really. What are you doing with this? Is there a company
being planned? Or is this research forever, or what?

We will use the opportunity Brexit provides to strengthen and enhance
our environmental protections – not to weaken them.

Pranav Mistry: So, there are lots of companies, sponsor companies of
Media Lab interested in taking this ahead in one or another way.
Companies like mobile-phone operators want to take this in a different
way than the NGOs in India, thinking, “Why can we only have ‘Sixth
Sense’? We should have a ‘Fifth Sense’ for missing-sense people who
cannot speak. This technology can be used for them to speak out in a
different way maybe a speaker system.”

We will develop a new environmental land management scheme which
supports farmers who deliver environmental benefits for the public.

CA: What are your own plans? Are you staying at MIT, or are you going to
do something with this?

And once we’ve taken back control of our waters, we will implement a
more sustainable fishing policy that also supports our vital coastal
communities.

PM: I’m trying to make this more available to people so that anyone can
develop their own SixthSense device, because the hardware is actually
not that hard to manufacture or hard to make your own. We will provide
all the open source software for them, maybe starting next month.

That is action for the future – but we are also acting in the here and
now.

CA: Open source? Wow.

When animals are mistreated, our common humanity is tarnished.

CA: Are you going to come back to India with some of this, at some
point?

So we are pursuing policies to make Britain a world-leader in tackling
the abuse of animals.

PM: Yeah. Yes, yes, of course.

Here at home, we are introducing mandatory CCTV into slaughter houses,
to ensure standards of treatment are upheld.

CA: What are your plans? MIT? India? How are you going to split your
time going forward?

We are increasing the maximum sentence for the worst acts of animal
cruelty in England and Wales by ten-fold.

PM: There is a lot of energy here. Lots of learning. All of this work
that you have seen is all about my learning in India. And now, if you
see, it’s more about the cost-effectiveness: this system costs you
$300 compared to the $20,000 surface tables, or anything like that. Or
maybe even the $2 mouse gesture system at that time was costing around
$5,000? I showed that, at a conference, to President Abdul Kalam, at
that time, and then he said, “OK, we should use this in Bhabha Atomic
Research Centre for some use of that.” So I’m excited about how I can
bring the technology to the masses rather than just keeping that
technology in the lab environment.

We recognise that animals are sentient beings and we will enshrine that
understanding in primary legislation.

CA: Based on the people we’ve seen at TED, I would say you’re truly one
of the two or three best inventors in the world right now. It’s an honor
to have you at TED. Thank you so much. That’s fantastic.

We have consulted on plans to introduce a total ban on UK sales of ivory
that contribute either directly or indirectly to the continued poaching
of elephants.

In 2014, we convened the London Conference on the Illegal Wildlife
Trade, the first of its kind, to help eradicate an abhorrent crime and
to better protect the world’s most iconic species from the threat of
extinction.

In October, we will host this conference again and will press for
further international action.

Whether they are pets, livestock or wild fauna, animals deserve the
proper protection of the law and under a Conservative government that is
exactly what they will receive.

So I am proud of the progress that we have made, but recognise that the
challenges we face remain acute.

In England, changes in patterns of land use have seen habitats lost and
species threatened.

Since 1970, there has been a significant decline in the numbers of
woodland and farmland birds.

Pollinating insects have declined by 13% since 1980.

And while the water in our rivers and beaches are cleaner than ever,
around the world, eight million tonnes of plastic makes its way into the
oceans each year.

The problem was vividly highlighted in the BBC’s recent Blue Planet II
series, which was public service broadcasting at its finest.

And I also pay tribute to the Daily Mail for its tireless campaigning on
this issue.

The 25-year Environment Plan for England, which we are publishing today,
sets out the action government will take to tackle all of these
challenges, and I pay tribute to Michael Gove and his team for their
work on it and the energy and enthusiasm they have brought to this.

Its goals are simple: clean air, clean and plentiful water, plants and
animals which are thriving, and a cleaner, greener country for us all.

These are all valuable in themselves, but together, they add up to
something truly profound: a better world for each of us to live in, and
a better future for the next generation.

We have worked closely with the devolved administrations as we have
developed this plan, and we want to work closely with them on these
issues in the years ahead.

This is a plan for the long-term: as our environment changes, our plan
will be updated to ensure we are continuing to deliver on our commitment
to deliver a healthy natural environment.

Nothing is more emblematic of that natural environment than our trees.

A tree is a home to countless organisms, from insects to small mammals.
They are natural air purifiers. They act as flood defences.

And we have committed to plant millions more trees, in urban and rural
locations.

We also support increased protections for England’s existing trees and
forests, both from inappropriate developments and from invasive pests
and diseases.

To make more land available for the homes our country needs, while at
the same time creating new habitats for wildlife, we will embed the
principle of ‘net environmental gain’ for development, including housing
and infrastructure.

And as we pursue our Northern Powerhouse, connecting the great cities of
the North of England to promote their economic growth, we will also
create a new Northern Forest.

It will be a new community woodland for Cheshire, Lancashire and
Yorkshire, provide a new and enduring amenity for the growing population
of the north of England, and act as a carbon sink for the UK.

Decades from now, children as yet unborn will be exploring this forest,
playing under the shade of its trees and learning about our natural
world from its flora and fauna.

But today, more than one in ten young people do not spend time in the
countryside or in large urban green spaces, meaning they are denied the
benefits which spending time outdoors in the natural environment brings.

These young people are disproportionately from more deprived backgrounds
and their effective exclusion from our countryside represents a social
injustice which I am determined to tackle.

The National Park Authorities already engage directly with over 60,000
young people a year in school visits, and they will now double this
figure to ensure that even more young people can learn about our most
precious environments.

I have seen for myself this morning the excitement and enthusiasm of
children here learning about these wetlands and the birds that inhabit
them.

And to help more children lead happy and healthy lives, we will launch a
new Nature Friendly Schools programme.

Targeting schools in disadvantaged areas first, it will create improved
school grounds which allow young people to learn about the natural
world.

It doesn’t have to be big, difficult or expensive.

It could be planting a garden, growing a vegetable patch, or setting up
a bird feeder.

Whatever form it takes, it will be putting nature into the lives of
young people, because everyone deserves to experience it first-hand.

And this work with schools will be supported by £10 million of
investment.

Now we look back in horror at some of the damage done to our environment
in the past and wonder how anyone could have thought of that, for
example, dumping toxic chemicals untreated into rivers, how could anyone
have ever thought that was the right thing to do?

In years to come, I think people will be shocked at how today we allow
so much plastic to be produced needlessly.

In the UK alone, the amount of single-use plastic wasted every year
would fill 1,000 Royal Albert Halls.

This plastic is ingested by dozens of species of marine animals and over
100 species of sea birds, causing immense suffering to individual
creatures and degrading vital habitats.

1 million birds, and over 100,000 other sea mammals and turtles die
every year from eating and getting tangled in plastic waste.

This truly is one of the great environmental scourges of our time.

Today, I can confirm that the UK will demonstrate global leadership.

We must reduce the demand for plastic, reduce the number of plastics in
circulation and improve our recycling rates.

So we will take action at every stage of the production and consumption
of plastic.

As it is produced, we will encourage manufacturers to take
responsibility for the impacts of their products and rationalise the
number of different types of plastics they use.

As it is consumed, we will drive down the amount of plastic in
circulation through reducing demand.

Government will lead the way by removing all consumer single use plastic
in central government offices.

And I want to see other large organisations commit to doing the same.

Supermarkets also need to do much more to cut down on unnecessary
plastic packaging, so we will work with them to explore introducing
plastic-free aisles, where all the food is sold loose. And we will make
it easier for people to recycle their plastics, so less of it ends up in
landfills or our waterways.

But I want us to go a step further.

We have seen a powerful example over the last couple of years of the
difference which a relatively simple policy can make for our
environment.

In 2015, we started asking shoppers to pay a 5p charge for using a
plastic bag.

As a direct consequence, we have used 9 billion fewer of them since the
charge was introduced.

This means the marine-life around the shores of the UK is safer, our
local communities are cleaner and fewer plastic bags are ending up in
landfill sites.

And this success should inspire us.

It shows the difference we can make, and it demonstrates that the public
is willing to play its part to protect our environment.

So to help achieve our goal of eliminating all avoidable plastic waste,
we will extend the 5p plastic bag charge to all retailers, to further
reduce usage.

And next month, we will launch a call for evidence on taxes or charges
on single use plastics. We will also use the United Kingdom’s
international influence to drive positive change around the world.

When we host the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in April, we
will put the sustainable development of our oceans firmly on the agenda.

We will work with our partners to create a Commonwealth Blue Charter and
push for strong action to reduce plastic waste in the oceans.

And we will direct our development spending to help developing nations
reduce plastic waste, increase our own marine protected areas at home,
and establish new Blue Belt protections in our Overseas Territories.

So I want the Britain of the future to be a truly Global Britain, which
is a force for good in the world.

Steadfast in upholding our values – not least our fierce commitment to
protecting the natural environment.

And you can see that commitment in our work on climate change.

Since 2012, the carbon-intensity of UK electricity has fallen by more
than twice that of any other major economy.

In 2016, the UK succeeded in decarbonising at a faster rate than any
other G20 country.

And last April, the UK had its first full day without any coal-fired
electricity since the 1880s.

We are supporting the world’s poorest as they face up to the effects of
rising sea waters and the extreme weather events associated with climate
change.

Last month, I attended the One Planet Summit in Paris, where I announced
new support for countries in the Caribbean, Asia and Africa to help them
build resilience against natural disasters and climate extremes.

We will continue to lead the world in delivering on our commitments to
the planet, from fulfilling the environmental aspects of the UN
Sustainable Development Goals to complying with the Paris Climate
Agreement.

Our Clean Growth Strategy set out our commitment to phase out unabated
coal fired electricity by 2025, and through the Power Past Coal
alliance, which the UK established with Canada, we are encouraging other
countries to do the same.

26 nations have already joined the alliance – and I will carry on
pressing others to join, too.

We can be proud of our success in facing up to the reality of climate
change.

But as the plan we are publishing today demonstrates, we are not
complacent about the action needed to sustain that success in the
future.

And we are not complacent about the action we need to take here in the
UK to improve the quality of the air in our towns and cities.

Since 2010, air quality has improved, and will continue to improve, as a
result of the action we are taking, but I know that there is more to do.

That’s why we have committed £3.5 billion to support measures to improve
air quality.

We are investing in electric vehicle infrastructure and new charging
technologies, supporting the roll-out of low carbon buses, and expanding
cycling and walking infrastructure.

In July, we published our plan to tackle traffic pollution and we will
end the sale of new conventional petrol and diesel cars by 2040.

In the last Budget, we announced a £220 million Clean Air Fund, paid for
by tax changes to company car tax and vehicle excise duty on new diesel
cars.

This year, we will set out how government will support the transition to
almost all cars and vans being zero-emission vehicles by 2050.

And the UK will host an international zero-emission vehicle summit,
driving innovation towards cleaner transport.

And I am determined that we will do what it takes to ensure our air is
clean and safe for the future.

The New Year is a time to look ahead.

The UK is making good progress in our discussions on EU withdrawal – and
I am determined that we will keep up that progress in 2018.

We are pursuing a modern Industrial Strategy which will help promote
sustainable growth in our economy and deliver greater prosperity across
the country.

We are improving standards in schools, investing in our National Health
Service and helping more people to own their own homes.

And in our comprehensive 25-year Environment Plan, we are setting out
how we will protect and renew our natural inheritance for the next
generation.

How we will make our air and water cleaner, and our natural habitats
more diverse and healthy.

How we will create a better world for ourselves and our children.

It is a national plan of action, with international ambitions.

But what it really speaks to is something much more personal for each of
us as human beings.

That is: the impulse to care for and nurture our own surroundings.

To protect what is vulnerable and precious.

To safeguard and improve on our inheritance, so we can pass on something
of value and significance to those who come after us.

So is what Roger Scruton has described as: ‘the goal towards which
serious environmentalism and serious conservatism both point – namely,
home, the place where we are and that we share, the place that defines
us, that we hold in trust for our descendants, and that we don’t want to
spoil.’

Our goal is a healthy and beautiful natural environment which we can all
enjoy, and which we can be proud to pass on to the next generation.

And this plan is how we will achieve it.

Thank you.Trey莎·梅关于25年环境尊崇陈设的发言

Hungary语巴士

微信号:yingwenbashi

Prime Minister Theresa May’s Speech on the Environment

London Wetland Centre, Barnes

11 January 2017

Thank you, thank you very much, Michael.

And it is wonderful to be here at the Wetland Centre – which is a true
oasis in the heart of London.

Now, in our election manifesto last year, we made an important pledge:
to make ours the first generation to leave the natural environment in a
better state than we found it.

As we leave the European Union, which for decades has controlled some of
the most important levers of environmental policy, now is the right time
to put the question of how we protect and enhance our natural
environment centre-stage.

And it is a central priority for this government.

Our mission is to build a Britain where the next generation can enjoy a
better life than the one that went before it.

That means tackling the deficit and dealing with our debts, so they are
not a burden for our children and grandchildren.

It means building the houses that people need, so that the dream of home
ownership can be a reality.

Ensuring every child has a good school place and can get the best start
in life.

And it also means protecting and enhancing our natural environment for
the next generation, so they have a healthy and beautiful country in
which to build their lives.

Making good on the promise that each new generation should be able to
build a better future is a fundamental Conservative principle.

And whilst every political tradition has a stake in our natural
environment, speaking as the Leader of the Conservative Party, I know I
draw upon a proud heritage.

Because Conservatism and Conservation are natural allies.

The fundamental understanding which lies at the heart of our
philosophical tradition is that we in the present are trustees charged
with protecting and improving what we have inherited from those who went
before us.

And it is our responsibility to pass on that inheritance to the next
generation.

That applies to the great national institutions which we have built up
as a society over generations, like our courts, our Parliament, the BBC
and the NHS.

And it applies equally to our natural heritage. 

Britain has always been a world leader in understanding and protecting
the natural world.

From Gilbert White’s vivid descriptions of the ecology of his Hampshire
village in the first work of natural history writing in the eighteenth
century, to Sir David Attenborough’s landmark TV series in the
twenty-first century, which have opened the eyes of millions of people
to the wonder of our planet and to the threats it faces – the appeal of
our natural world is universal and has caught the imagination of
successive generations.

In the United Kingdom, we are blessed with an abundance and variety of
landscapes and habitats. These natural assets are of immense value.

Our countryside and coastal waters are the means by which we sustain our
existence in these islands. They are where we grow and harvest a large
proportion of the food we eat. Where the water we drink comes from.

Our green and blue places have inspired some of our greatest poetry, art
and music and have become global cultural icons.

Shakespeare’s Forest of Arden has been recreated on stages across the
globe.

Beatrix Potter’s stories and William’s Wordsworth’s poetic descriptions
of ‘the calm that Nature breathes among the hills’ has made the Lake
District world-renowned.

The Suffolk landscapes of John Constable and the beautiful depictions of
the River Thames in my own constituency by Sir Stanley Spencer are
iconic.

People from every continent are drawn to our shores to enjoy these
beautiful landscapes, supporting hundreds of thousands of jobs in
tourism.

Industries which directly draw on our environment – from agriculture and
forestry to aquaculture and fishing – support hundreds of thousands of
jobs and contribute billions to our economy.

The natural environment is around us wherever we are, and getting closer
to it is good for our physical and mental health and our emotional and
spiritual wellbeing.

Millions of us visit the countryside, the seaside, a local park or
places like this, every week to recharge our batteries, spend time with
friends and family, and to exercise.

So the environment is something personal to each of us, but it is also
something which collectively we hold in trust for the next generation.

And we have a responsibility to protect and enhance it.

Now it is sometimes suggested that a belief in a free market economy
which pursues the objective of economic growth is not compatible with
taking the action necessary to protect and enhance our natural
environment; that we need to give up on the very idea of economic growth
itself as the price we have to pay for sustainability.

Others argue that taking any action to protect and improve our
environment harms business and holds back growth.

Both are wrong. They present a false choice which I entirely reject.

A free market economy, operating under the right rules, regulations, and
incentives, delivering sustainable economic growth, is the single
greatest agent of collective human progress we have ever known.

Time and again, it has lifted whole societies out of abject poverty and
subsistence living, increased life expectancy, widened literacy and
improved educational standards.

More than this, it is in free economies and free societies that the
technological and scientific breakthroughs which improve and save lives
are made.

The innovation and invention of a free enterprise economy will help to
deliver new technology to drive a revolution in clean growth.

Around the world, economies at all stages of development are embracing
new low-carbon technologies and a more efficient use of resources to
move onto a path of clean and sustainable growth.

And our Industrial Strategy puts harnessing the economic potential of
the clean growth revolution at its heart, as one of its four Grand
Challenges.

From how we generate power, and transport people and goods, to our
industrial processes and how we grow our food – new clean technologies
have the potential to deliver more good jobs and higher living
standards.

The UK is already home to around half a million jobs in low-carbon
businesses and their supply chain.

We are a world-leader in the manufacture of electric vehicles.

We are the biggest offshore wind energy producer in the world.

And we must continue to press for sustainable economic growth, and the
immense benefits it brings.

Of course, for a market to function properly, it has to be regulated.

And environmental protection is a vital part of any good regulatory
regime.

So where government needs to intervene to ensure that high standards are
met, we will not hesitate to do so.

And that’s the approach which underpins our corporate governance reforms
and our plans to make the energy market work better for consumers.

Government stepping-up to its proper role as an engaged and active
participant defines our Industrial Strategy.

And it is the approach we are taking in this Environment Plan, too.

Together, they combine to form a coherent approach to boosting economic
productivity, prosperity and growth, while at the same time restoring
and enhancing our natural environment.

Conservative Governments have always taken our responsibility to the
natural environment seriously.

In the nineteenth century, it was Benjamin Disraeli’s Conservative
government which passed the River Pollution Prevention Act, providing
the first legal environmental protections for our waterways.

A Conservative government in the 1950s passed the Clean Air Act, making
the Great Smog of London a thing of the past.

Margaret Thatcher was the first world leader to recognise the threat of
global warming and helped to protect our ozone layers through her work
on the Montreal Protocol.

And David Cameron restored environmentalism to a central place in the
Conservative agenda.

The measures set out in this plan build on this proud heritage, and the
action which we have taken in office since 2010.

And we have seen some notable successes.

Thanks to concerted action over many years, our rivers and beaches are
now cleaner than they have been at any time since the Industrial
Revolution.

Otters are back in rivers in every English county.

We are releasing beavers to the Forest of Dean, to help reduce the risk
of flooding and enhance biodiversity.

Action at the EU level – of which the UK has consistently been a
champion – has helped drive these improvements.

Because we recognise their value, we will incorporate all existing EU
environmental regulations into domestic law when we leave.

And let me be very clear. Brexit will not mean a lowering of
environmental standards.

We will set out our plans for a new, world leading, independent
statutory body to hold government to account and give the environment a
voice. And our work will be underpinned by a strong set of environmental
principles.

We will consult widely on these proposals, not least with many of the
people in this room.

But be in no doubt: our record shows that we have already gone further
than EU regulation requires of us to protect our environment.

Thanks to action we have taken, 7,886 square miles of coastal waters
around the UK are now Marine Conservation Zones, protecting a range of
nationally important, rare or threatened habitats and species.

Our ban on the use of microbeads in cosmetic and personal care products
is another positive step towards protecting our marine environment.

And we want to further restrict neonicotinoids to protect our bees.

We will use the opportunity Brexit provides to strengthen and enhance
our environmental protections – not to weaken them.

We will develop a new environmental land management scheme which
supports farmers who deliver environmental benefits for the public.

And once we’ve taken back control of our waters, we will implement a
more sustainable fishing policy that also supports our vital coastal
communities.

That is action for the future – but we are also acting in the here and
now.

When animals are mistreated, our common humanity is tarnished.

So we are pursuing policies to make Britain a world-leader in tackling
the abuse of animals.

Here at home, we are introducing mandatory CCTV into slaughter houses,
to ensure standards of treatment are upheld.

We are increasing the maximum sentence for the worst acts of animal
cruelty in England and Wales by ten-fold.

We recognise that animals are sentient beings and we will enshrine that
understanding in primary legislation.

We have consulted on plans to introduce a total ban on UK sales of ivory
that contribute either directly or indirectly to the continued poaching
of elephants.

In 2014, we convened the London Conference on the Illegal Wildlife
Trade, the first of its kind, to help eradicate an abhorrent crime and
to better protect the world’s most iconic species from the threat of
extinction.

In October, we will host this conference again and will press for
further international action.

Whether they are pets, livestock or wild fauna, animals deserve the
proper protection of the law and under a Conservative government that is
exactly what they will receive.

So I am proud of the progress that we have made, but recognise that the
challenges we face remain acute.

In England, changes in patterns of land use have seen habitats lost and
species threatened.

Since 1970, there has been a significant decline in the numbers of
woodland and farmland birds.

Pollinating insects have declined by 13% since 1980.

And while the water in our rivers and beaches are cleaner than ever,
around the world, eight million tonnes of plastic makes its way into the
oceans each year.

The problem was vividly highlighted in the BBC’s recent Blue Planet II
series, which was public service broadcasting at its finest.

And I also pay tribute to the Daily Mail for its tireless campaigning on
this issue.

The 25-year Environment Plan for England, which we are publishing today,
sets out the action government will take to tackle all of these
challenges, and I pay tribute to Michael Gove and his team for their
work on it and the energy and enthusiasm they have brought to this.

Its goals are simple: clean air, clean and plentiful water, plants and
animals which are thriving, and a cleaner, greener country for us all.

These are all valuable in themselves, but together, they add up to
something truly profound: a better world for each of us to live in, and
a better future for the next generation.

We have worked closely with the devolved administrations as we have
developed this plan, and we want to work closely with them on these
issues in the years ahead.

This is a plan for the long-term: as our environment changes, our plan
will be updated to ensure we are continuing to deliver on our commitment
to deliver a healthy natural environment.

Nothing is more emblematic of that natural environment than our trees.

A tree is a home to countless organisms, from insects to small mammals.
They are natural air purifiers. They act as flood defences.

And we have committed to plant millions more trees, in urban and rural
locations.

We also support increased protections for England’s existing trees and
forests, both from inappropriate developments and from invasive pests
and diseases.

To make more land available for the homes our country needs, while at
the same time creating new habitats for wildlife, we will embed the
principle of ‘net environmental gain’ for development, including housing
and infrastructure.

And as we pursue our Northern Powerhouse, connecting the great cities of
the North of England to promote their economic growth, we will also
create a new Northern Forest.

It will be a new community woodland for Cheshire, Lancashire and
Yorkshire, provide a new and enduring amenity for the growing population
of the north of England, and act as a carbon sink for the UK.

Decades from now, children as yet unborn will be exploring this forest,
playing under the shade of its trees and learning about our natural
world from its flora and fauna.

But today, more than one in ten young people do not spend time in the
countryside or in large urban green spaces, meaning they are denied the
benefits which spending time outdoors in the natural environment brings.

These young people are disproportionately from more deprived backgrounds
and their effective exclusion from our countryside represents a social
injustice which I am determined to tackle.

The National Park Authorities already engage directly with over 60,000
young people a year in school visits, and they will now double this
figure to ensure that even more young people can learn about our most
precious environments.

I have seen for myself this morning the excitement and enthusiasm of
children here learning about these wetlands and the birds that inhabit
them.

And to help more children lead happy and healthy lives, we will launch a
new Nature Friendly Schools programme.

Targeting schools in disadvantaged areas first, it will create improved
school grounds which allow young people to learn about the natural
world.

It doesn’t have to be big, difficult or expensive.

It could be planting a garden, growing a vegetable patch, or setting up
a bird feeder.

Whatever form it takes, it will be putting nature into the lives of
young people, because everyone deserves to experience it first-hand.

And this work with schools will be supported by £10 million of
investment.

Now we look back in horror at some of the damage done to our environment
in the past and wonder how anyone could have thought of that, for
example, dumping toxic chemicals untreated into rivers, how could anyone
have ever thought that was the right thing to do?

In years to come, I think people will be shocked at how today we allow
so much plastic to be produced needlessly.

In the UK alone, the amount of single-use plastic wasted every year
would fill 1,000 Royal Albert Halls.

This plastic is ingested by dozens of species of marine animals and over
100 species of sea birds, causing immense suffering to individual
creatures and degrading vital habitats.

1 million birds, and over 100,000 other sea mammals and turtles die
every year from eating and getting tangled in plastic waste.

This truly is one of the great environmental scourges of our time.

Today, I can confirm that the UK will demonstrate global leadership.

We must reduce the demand for plastic, reduce the number of plastics in
circulation and improve our recycling rates.

So we will take action at every stage of the production and consumption
of plastic.

As it is produced, we will encourage manufacturers to take
responsibility for the impacts of their products and rationalise the
number of different types of plastics they use.

As it is consumed, we will drive down the amount of plastic in
circulation through reducing demand.

Government will lead the way by removing all consumer single use plastic
in central government offices.

And I want to see other large organisations commit to doing the same.

Supermarkets also need to do much more to cut down on unnecessary
plastic packaging, so we will work with them to explore introducing
plastic-free aisles, where all the food is sold loose. And we will make
it easier for people to recycle their plastics, so less of it ends up in
landfills or our waterways.

But I want us to go a step further.

We have seen a powerful example over the last couple of years of the
difference which a relatively simple policy can make for our
environment.

In 2015, we started asking shoppers to pay a 5p charge for using a
plastic bag.

As a direct consequence, we have used 9 billion fewer of them since the
charge was introduced.

This means the marine-life around the shores of the UK is safer, our
local communities are cleaner and fewer plastic bags are ending up in
landfill sites.

And this success should inspire us.

It shows the difference we can make, and it demonstrates that the public
is willing to play its part to protect our environment.

So to help achieve our goal of eliminating all avoidable plastic waste,
we will extend the 5p plastic bag charge to all retailers, to further
reduce usage.

And next month, we will launch a call for evidence on taxes or charges
on single use plastics. We will also use the United Kingdom’s
international influence to drive positive change around the world.

When we host the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in April, we
will put the sustainable development of our oceans firmly on the agenda.

We will work with our partners to create a Commonwealth Blue Charter and
push for strong action to reduce plastic waste in the oceans.

And we will direct our development spending to help developing nations
reduce plastic waste, increase our own marine protected areas at home,
and establish new Blue Belt protections in our Overseas Territories.

So I want the Britain of the future to be a truly Global Britain, which
is a force for good in the world.

Steadfast in upholding our values – not least our fierce commitment to
protecting the natural environment.

And you can see that commitment in our work on climate change.

Since 2012, the carbon-intensity of UK electricity has fallen by more
than twice that of any other major economy.

In 2016, the UK succeeded in decarbonising at a faster rate than any
other G20 country.

And last April, the UK had its first full day without any coal-fired
electricity since the 1880s.

We are supporting the world’s poorest as they face up to the effects of
rising sea waters and the extreme weather events associated with climate
change.

Last month, I attended the One Planet Summit in Paris, where I announced
new support for countries in the Caribbean, Asia and Africa to help them
build resilience against natural disasters and climate extremes.

We will continue to lead the world in delivering on our commitments to
the planet, from fulfilling the environmental aspects of the UN
Sustainable Development Goals to complying with the Paris Climate
Agreement.

Our Clean Growth Strategy set out our commitment to phase out unabated
coal fired electricity by 2025, and through the Power Past Coal
alliance, which the UK established with Canada, we are encouraging other
countries to do the same.

26 nations have already joined the alliance – and I will carry on
pressing others to join, too.

We can be proud of our success in facing up to the reality of climate
change.

But as the plan we are publishing today demonstrates, we are not
complacent about the action needed to sustain that success in the
future.

And we are not complacent about the action we need to take here in the
UK to improve the quality of the air in our towns and cities.

Since 2010, air quality has improved, and will continue to improve, as a
result of the action we are taking, but I know that there is more to do.

That’s why we have committed £3.5 billion to support measures to improve
air quality.

We are investing in electric vehicle infrastructure and new charging
technologies, supporting the roll-out of low carbon buses, and expanding
cycling and walking infrastructure.

In July, we published our plan to tackle traffic pollution and we will
end the sale of new conventional petrol and diesel cars by 2040.

In the last Budget, we announced a £220 million Clean Air Fund, paid for
by tax changes to company car tax and vehicle excise duty on new diesel
cars.

This year, we will set out how government will support the transition to
almost all cars and vans being zero-emission vehicles by 2050.

And the UK will host an international zero-emission vehicle summit,
driving innovation towards cleaner transport.

And I am determined that we will do what it takes to ensure our air is
clean and safe for the future.

The New Year is a time to look ahead.

The UK is making good progress in our discussions on EU withdrawal – and
I am determined that we will keep up that progress in 2018.

We are pursuing a modern Industrial Strategy which will help promote
sustainable growth in our economy and deliver greater prosperity across
the country.

We are improving standards in schools, investing in our National Health
Service and helping more people to own their own homes.

And in our comprehensive 25-year Environment Plan, we are setting out
how we will protect and renew our natural inheritance for the next
generation.

How we will make our air and water cleaner, and our natural habitats
more diverse and healthy.

How we will create a better world for ourselves and our children.

It is a national plan of action, with international ambitions.

But what it really speaks to is something much more personal for each of
us as human beings.

That is: the impulse to care for and nurture our own surroundings.

To protect what is vulnerable and precious.

To safeguard and improve on our inheritance, so we can pass on something
of value and significance to those who come after us.

So is what Roger Scruton has described as: ‘the goal towards which
serious environmentalism and serious conservatism both point – namely,
home, the place where we are and that we share, the place that defines
us, that we hold in trust for our descendants, and that we don’t want to
spoil.’

Our goal is a healthy and beautiful natural environment which we can all
enjoy, and which we can be proud to pass on to the next generation.

And this plan is how we will achieve it.

Thank you.

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